HDU 6047 Maximum Sequence 贪心 优先队列

http://acm.hdu.edu.cn/showproblem.php?pid=6047

Maximum Sequence

Time Limit: 4000/2000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)

Problem Description

Steph is extremely obsessed with “sequence problems” that are usually seen on magazines: Given the sequence 11, 23, 30, 35, what is the next number? Steph always finds them too easy for such a genius like himself until one day Klay comes up with a problem and ask him about it.
Given two integer sequences {ai} and {bi} with the same length n, you are to find the next n numbers of {ai}: $a_{n+1}…a_{2n}$. Just like always, there are some restrictions on $a_{n+1}…a_{2n}$: for each number $a_i$, you must choose a number $b_k$ from {bi}, and it must satisfy $a_i$≤max{$a_j$-j│$b_k$≤j<i}, and any $b_k$ can’t be chosen more than once. Apparently, there are a great many possibilities, so you are required to find max{$\sum_{n+1}^{2n}a_i$} modulo $10^9$+7 .

Input

The input contains no more than 20 test cases.
For each test case, the first line consists of one integer n. The next line consists of n integers representing {ai}. And the third line consists of n integers representing {bi}.
1≤n≤250000, n≤a_i≤1500000, 1≤b_i≤n.

Output

For each test case, print the answer on one line: max{$\sum_{n+1}^{2n}a_i$} modulo $10^9$+7。

Sample Output

Hint

For the first sample: 1. Choose 2 from {bi}, then a_2…a_4 are available for a_5, and you can let a_5=a_2-2=9; 2. Choose 1 from {bi}, then a_1…a_5 are available for a_6, and you can let a_6=a_2-2=9;

C. Letters Cyclic Shift

time limit per test

1 second

memory limit per test

256 megabytes

You are given a non-empty string s consisting of lowercase English letters. You have to pick exactly one non-empty substring of s and shift all its letters 'z' 'y' 'x' 'b' 'a' 'z'. In other words, each character is replaced with the previous character of English alphabet and 'a' is replaced with 'z'.

What is the lexicographically minimum string that can be obtained from s by performing this shift exactly once?

Input

The only line of the input contains the string s (1 ≤ |s| ≤ 100 000) consisting of lowercase English letters.

Output

Print the lexicographically minimum string that can be obtained from s by shifting letters of exactly one non-empty substring.

Note

String s is lexicographically smaller than some other string t of the same length if there exists some 1 ≤ i ≤ |s|, such thats1 = t1, s2 = t2, ..., si - 1 = ti - 1, and si < ti.

B. Checkpoints

time limit per test

1 second

memory limit per test

256 megabytes

Vasya takes part in the orienteering competition. There are n checkpoints located along the line at coordinates x1, x2, ..., xn. Vasya starts at the point with coordinate a. His goal is to visit at least n - 1 checkpoint in order to finish the competition. Participant are allowed to visit checkpoints in arbitrary order.

Vasya wants to pick such checkpoints and the order of visiting them that the total distance travelled is minimized. He asks you to calculate this minimum possible value.

Input

The first line of the input contains two integers n and a (1 ≤ n ≤ 100 000,  - 1 000 000 ≤ a ≤ 1 000 000) — the number of checkpoints and Vasya's starting position respectively.

The second line contains n integers x1, x2, ..., xn ( - 1 000 000 ≤ xi ≤ 1 000 000) — coordinates of the checkpoints.

Output

Print one integer — the minimum distance Vasya has to travel in order to visit at least n - 1 checkpoint.

Note

In the first sample Vasya has to visit at least two checkpoints. The optimal way to achieve this is the walk to the third checkpoints (distance is 12 - 10 = 2) and then proceed to the second one (distance is 12 - 7 = 5). The total distance is equal to 2 + 5 = 7.

In the second sample it's enough to visit only one checkpoint so Vasya should just walk to the point  - 10.

A. Juicer

time limit per test

1 second

memory limit per test

256 megabytes

Kolya is going to make fresh orange juice. He has n oranges of sizes a1, a2, ..., an. Kolya will put them in the juicer in the fixed order, starting with orange of size a1, then orange of size a2 and so on. To be put in the juicer the orange must have size not exceeding b, so if Kolya sees an orange that is strictly greater he throws it away and continues with the next one.

The juicer has a special section to collect waste. It overflows if Kolya squeezes oranges of the total size strictly greater than d. When it happens Kolya empties the waste section (even if there are no more oranges) and continues to squeeze the juice. How many times will he have to empty the waste section?

Input

The first line of the input contains three integers n, b and d (1 ≤ n ≤ 100 000, 1 ≤ b ≤ d ≤ 1 000 000) — the number of oranges, the maximum size of the orange that fits in the juicer and the value d, which determines the condition when the waste section should be emptied.

The second line contains n integers a1, a2, ..., an (1 ≤ ai ≤ 1 000 000) — sizes of the oranges listed in the order Kolya is going to try to put them in the juicer.

Output

Print one integer — the number of times Kolya will have to empty the waste section.

Note

In the first sample, Kolya will squeeze the juice from two oranges and empty the waste section afterwards.

In the second sample, the orange won't fit in the juicer so Kolya will have no juice at all.

Codeforces 581D Three Logos 枚举 模拟

http://codeforces.com/contest/581/problem/D

D. Three Logos
time limit per test

1 second

memory limit per test

256 megabytes

input

standard input

output

standard output

Three companies decided to order a billboard with pictures of their logos. A billboard is a big square board. A logo of each company is a rectangle of a non-zero area.

Advertisers will put up the ad only if it is possible to place all three logos on the billboard so that they do not overlap and the billboard has no empty space left. When you put a logo on the billboard, you should rotate it so that the sides were parallel to the sides of the billboard.

Your task is to determine if it is possible to put the logos of all the three companies on some square billboard without breaking any of the described rules.

Input

The first line of the input contains six positive integers x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3 (1 ≤ x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3 ≤ 100), where xi and yi determine the length and width of the logo of the i-th company respectively.

Output

If it is impossible to place all the three logos on a square shield, print a single integer "-1" (without the quotes).

If it is possible, print in the first line the length of a side of square n, where you can place all the three logos. Each of the next n lines should contain n uppercase English letters "A", "B" or "C". The sets of the same letters should form solid rectangles, provided that:

• the sizes of the rectangle composed from letters "A" should be equal to the sizes of the logo of the first company,
• the sizes of the rectangle composed from letters "B" should be equal to the sizes of the logo of the second company,
• the sizes of the rectangle composed from letters "C" should be equal to the sizes of the logo of the third company,

Note that the logos of the companies can be rotated for printing on the billboard. The billboard mustn't have any empty space. If a square billboard can be filled with the logos in multiple ways, you are allowed to print any of them.

See the samples to better understand the statement.

Sample test(s)
Input

Output

Input

Output